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Complete Overview of Regulations: 42 CFR Part 2
Part 2 Restrictions: Use


b.) Use

Use of covered information to initiate or substantiate criminal charges against a patient or to conduct any criminal investigation is prohibited absent an appropriate court order.37 This restriction also applies to any entity that obtains information from a federally assisted program, regardless of the entity’s status or of whether the information was properly obtained.38



  • 37. 42 CFR § 2.1(c) (referencing § 290ee-3(c)); 42 CFR § 2.2(c) (referencing § 290dd-3(c)); 42 CFR § 2.12(a)(2).
  • 38. 42 CFR § 2.12(d)(1).